Enzyme Engineering

Enzyme Engineering
Open Access

ISSN: 2329-6674

+44 1223 790975

Kanwar SS

Kanwar SS

Summer Hill, Shimla-171 005

  • Research Article
    Ribonuclease as Anticancer Therapeutics
    Author(s): Kanwar SS and Kumar RKanwar SS and Kumar R

    Ribonucleases (RNases) are small molecules which are highly cytotoxic in nature. They catalyse the degradation of RNA into smaller molecules rapidly in an unprotected environment. The cytotoxic properties of RNases include degradation of RNA leading to blockage of protein synthesis in malignant cells and inducing the apoptosis response. Cytotoxicity of RNases is determined by catalytic activity, stability, non-selective nature of inhibitors, positive charge on molecule and internalization. Onconase, BS-RNase and other RNases exert cytotoxic activity on cancer cells selectively by involving different cellular pathways and/ or enhance the cytotoxicity by mutation. A general mechanism of the cytotoxic activity of RNases includes the interaction of the enzyme with the cellular membrane by non-specific interactions mediated by Coulombic forces, internalization by endocytosis, translocation.. View More»
    DOI: 10.4172/2329-6674.1000162

    Abstract PDF

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