Advancements in Genetic Engineering

Advancements in Genetic Engineering
Open Access

ISSN: 2169-0111

+44-1904-929220

DNA Replication

DNA replication is the process of producing two identical replicas from one original DNA molecule. This biological process occurs in all living organisms and is the basis for biological inheritance.

DNA replication is the process by which DNA makes a copy of itself during cell division.

The first step in DNA replication is to ‘unzip’ the double helix structure of the DNA? molecule.

This is carried out by an enzyme? called helicase which breaks the hydrogen bonds? holding the complementary? bases? of DNA together (A with T, C with G).

The separation of the two single strands of DNA creates a ‘Y’ shape called a replication ‘fork’. The two separated strands will act as templates for making the new strands of DNA.

One of the strands is oriented in the 3’ to 5’ direction (towards the replication fork), this is the leading strand?. The other strand is oriented in the 5’ to 3’ direction (away from the replication fork), this is the lagging strand?.

Related journals of DNA Replication

Single Cell Biology, Stem Cell Research & Therapy, Tissue Science & Engineering, DNARepair, DNAResearch, MitochondrialDNA, MobileDNA, Mutation Research -DNARepair.

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