Transcriptomics: Open Access

Transcriptomics: Open Access
Open Access

ISSN: 2329-8936

Tripti Tewari

Tripti Tewari
College of Basic Sciences and Humanities,
Pantnagar-263145, U.S. Nagar, Uttarakhand

  • Review Article
    Metabolic Engineering of Carotenoid Pathways in Crop Plants
    Author(s): Tripti Tewari, Ajit Kumar and Preeti ChaturvediTripti Tewari, Ajit Kumar and Preeti Chaturvedi

    Carotenoids are plastid-synthesized and localized lipid-soluble C40 tetraterpenoids universally distributed in the plant kingdom. These widespread pigments are integral and essential components of photosynthesis. Carotenoids are essential for photoprotection of plants which functions during photosynthesis and serving as precursors for the biosynthesis of the abscisic acid (ABA). Carotenoids are also very significant nutraceutical components of the animal diet and serving as precursor of vitamin A. Both mevalonate dependent and independent pathways for the formation of isopentenyl diphosphate are known. Genes encoding enzymes required for the biosynthesis of carotenoids have been identified. Even though most of the carotenoid biosynthetic genes have been cloned and identified, some aspects of carotenoid formation and manipulation in higher plants especially remain poorly understood. Th.. View More»
    DOI: 10.4172/2329-8936.1000119

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