Anthropometric profiles of grade 4 learners from low-income setti | 44196
Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences

Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9600

Anthropometric profiles of grade 4 learners from low-income settings in South Africa

Annual Conference on Women and Maternal Nutrition and Care

Aug 31-Sep 01, 2018 | Toronto, Canada

Sandra Pretorius, Natalia Neophytou and Estelle D Watson

University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
INMED SA Partnerships for Children, South Africa

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Nutr Food Sci

Abstract :

Communities in low-to-middle income countries undergoing rapid urbanization as well as nutrition transition are particularly at risk for associated health issues such as overweight and obesity. South Africa has the double-burden of both under- and overnutrition and therefore is some uncertainty as to where to direct health care interventions. Therefore, providing anthropometric data in vulnerable populations like early childhood is much needed. This observational study assessed height, weight, head circumference and age-adjusted BMI in 1785 Grade 4 (9.5>0.7 years old) learners from 12 schools in two different areas in South Africa. Overall, the results of this study found a higher prevalence of overnutrition (>95th percentile for ageadjusted BMI) than undernutrition (<15th percentile for age-adjusted BMI), 27.3% versus 12.4% respectively. Although the boys were significantly older and taller than the girls in this sample, there were no significant sex differences between boys and girls for BMI (19.9 kg/m2 ±6.0 vs 20kg/m2 ±5.8, p=0.59). Significant differences were found between peri-urban and urban areas for undernutrition (16.1% versus 9.5%, p<0.001) and overnutrition (9.7% versus 41.2%, p<0.001). South African children living in urban areas are particularly vulnerable to high rates of overweight and obesity. Therefore, interventions to address malnutrition in South African are much needed, but this study has shown the need for them to be area and context specific.

Biography :

Sandra Pretorius completed her PhD in the Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa in 2016 and is currently enrolled as a postdoctoral fellow at the Centre for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa and has 12 publications. She is also a registered dietician and currently manages an intervention project, ‘INMED SA Health in Action Program’ that focuses on improving the health of children in low-resource environments in South Africa through the promotion.