Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences

Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9600

+44 7480022449

Abstract

Proximate and Mineral Composition of Co-Fermented Breadfruit and Cassava into Gari Analogue

Ajifolokun OM and Adeniran HA

The study explored the potentials of substituting breadfruit into cassava to obtain gari analogue of which proximate and mineral compositions were evaluated. A portion of matured but unripe breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) and mature cassava tubers were co-fermented (100:0, 0:100, 80:20, 70:30, and 60: 40 Cassava to Breadfruit) to obtain gari analogue. The samples were evaluated for proximate and mineral analyses. Data obtained were subjected to descriptive and inferential statistics. The results showed that Co-fermentation of cassava and breadfruit produced gari and gari analogue with slightly enhanced protein content. The protein content of the samples ranged from 3.42%-5.68% with 100% cassava gari having the lowest protein content (3.42%) and 100% Breadfruit gari having highest protein content (5.68%). Co-fermented products did not have enhanced mineral content than that of whole breadfruit and cassava gari. Zinc content of 100% cassava gari was 13.71, which were significantly higher than that of the co-processed gari. 100% Breadfruit gari and 60%C: 40%B had no zinc content at all. Calorific values of the 100% cassava gari was significantly higher (p<0.05) calories (4442.85 Kcal) than other gari samples with 100% Breadfruit gari having the lowest calories (3652.44 Kcal). This study established that 20% of breadfruit c-fermented with cassava yields a novel food product that compares favorably with 100% cassava gari in terms of nutritional values thus, confirming that processing of breadfruit into a locally familiar from analogue to gari will increase its utilization, especially in several food deficit countries where fermented cassava products are already accepted as staple foods.

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