Virology & Mycology

Virology & Mycology
Open Access

ISSN: 2161-0517

Duguma B

Duguma B


  • Review Article
    Zika Virus Historical Spatiotemporal Distribution and Potential Risk Factors [1900-2018]: Review
    Author(s): Hiko A, Duguma B and Muktar YHiko A, Duguma B and Muktar Y

    This paper is aimed to assess Zika virus (ZIKV) spatiotemporal historical distribution, the potential mechanisms and contributing risk factors for epidemic emerging, the attempt to mitigate, and its future aspect. Available literature from the years 1900 to 2018 were assessed and compiled. Previous analyses on the partial structural envelope as well as the non-structural proteins gene sequences suggests the occurrence of ZIKV strains ancestor erstwhile in the beginning of 1900s in Uganda. Infection with the virus was also first reported in Uganda since 1947. It gradually distributed to different countries in the world until the present 2018. It was found that ZIKV has multifactorial health challenges from several corners. Its epidemiology has wide reservoirs, susceptible and vector hosts, and different mode of transmission. The potential mechanisms of epidemic occurrences ar.. Read More»
    DOI: 10.4172/2161-0517.1000179

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