Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology

Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9570

+44 1223 790975

Adi M Al Owaifeer

Adi M Al Owaifeer

Saudi Arabia

  • Case Series
    Case Series: Botulinum Toxin in the Management of Duane Retraction Syndrome type I
    Author(s): Abdulaziz A Al Taisan and Adi M Al OwaifeerAbdulaziz A Al Taisan and Adi M Al Owaifeer

    Introduction: Duane retraction syndrome (DRS) is a form of congenital strabismus related to impairment of extraocular muscle innervation. The condition was first described by Mr. Duane as "the absence or limitation of abduction with narrowing of palpebral fissure in adduction and globe retraction". DRS is thought to be caused primarily by agenesis of the sixth nerve nucleus, leading to fibrosis of the lateral rectus muscle. Horizontal rectus muscle recession is still considered the preferable surgical intervention. Indications include large deviation in primary position, abnormal head position or significant upshoot or downshoot. The rule of botox in DRS is still not fully understood. In this short series we aim to explore the efficacy of botulinum toxin as an alternative to surgical intervention in patients with DRS type 1. Cases: Th.. View More»
    DOI: 10.4172/2155-9570.1000708

    Abstract PDF

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