Dinaol Abdissa*, Gudina Egata, Kedir Teji
Background: Stunting is the major public health concern in Ethiopia and continues as the underlying cause of child mortality. However, there is a scarcity of information on the magnitude and determinant factors of stunting in the study area.
Objective: The study was aimed to assess the prevalence of stunting and its associated factors among children aged between 6–59 months in Debati District, West Ethiopia.
Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from Jan 31 to Feb 20, 2018. A multistage sampling technique was used to select 575 study participants. Data were collected by trained data collectors through a structured interview-administered questionnaire and by measuring the length or height of the children to the nearest 0.1cm. Height/length for age index was used to assess the stunting of children aged between 6-59 months by using World Health Organization Growth Reference. Bivariable logistic regression analyses were done to see the association between each independent variable and the outcome variable. After selecting candidate variables by bivariable analysis at p-value<0.25, the final multivariable binary logistic regression model was fitted. Adjusted odds ratio along with 95%CI were estimated to measure the strength of the association and identify factors associated with stunting using Multivariable logistic regression analysis., variables with a p-value of <0.05 were considered as statistically significant.
Result: The prevalence of stunting among children aged between 6-59 months in this study area was 32.8% (95% CI (28.9, 36.9). Family size ≥ 5 (AOR 7.15, 95% CI (3.7, 13.9), low household dietary diversity score (AOR: 7.73, 95% CI (3.42, 17.5), duration of breastfeeding of children aged between 6-11 months (AOR: 2.83, 95% CI (1.14, 7.0), children who have no animal source food (AOR: 6.84, 95% CI ( (3.73, 12.6), and being male (AOR: 1.88, 95% CI (1.12, 3. 17) were significantly associated with stunting.
Published Date: 2021-06-15; Received Date: 2021-05-27