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Next generation probiotics, prebiotics and postbiotics: Composition, activities and their potential applications throughout the life span | Abstract
Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences

Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9600

Abstract

Next generation probiotics, prebiotics and postbiotics: Composition, activities and their potential applications throughout the life span

Laila Hussein

The characteristics of the gut microbiota in healthy human had been well defined throughout the whole life span. Definite changes in the gut microbiome dysbiosis is closely related to development of chronic inflammation related disease. The modulation of the intestinal microbiome by next generation probiotics (NGP), prebiotics and postbiotics provides novel strategies that may be effectively applied for treatment of such aberrations. The molecular mechanisms by which probiotics and prebiotics exert their action are by modulating signaling pathways of the gut microbiota. NGPs have well defined specific functional characteristics besides the well-known ones. Prebiotics are mainly non- starch polysaccharide molecules that resist the acid and enzymatic hydrolysis in the stomach and the gut and reached the colon intact, where they are selectively fermented by the colon microbiota to confer health benefits. The fermentation products including free energy, short chain fatty acids mainly butyrate, the fuel of the colonocyte, low colonic pH lead to numerous health benefits, such as inhibition of the development of pathogens, reducing the prevalence and duration of diarrhoea, increases the absorption of minerals, mostly of magnesium and calcium, and providing relief from inflammation and other symptoms associated with intestinal bowel disorders. Recently, postbiotics have drawn attention and they include metabolic byproducts secreted by live bacteria, such as enzymes, peptides, peptidoglycan, polysaccharides, cell surface proteins, and organic acids.

Published Date: 2020-08-31;