Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences

Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9600

+44 7480022449


Metabolic Profiling of Green Tea Treatments in Zucker Diabetic Rats Using 1H NMR

Shucha Zhang, Angela Myracle, Ke Xiao, Ping Yan, Tao Ye, Mario Ferruzzi, Elsa Janle and Daniel Raftery

This study has investigated the metabolic effects of catechin-rich green tea (GT) and its formulation with ascorbic acid (AA) on the Zucker rat model of type 2 diabetes. AA is used to protect the GT catechins during digestion and increase bioavailability. Thirty two Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats were randomly divided into four groups (n=8 in each group) and treated with water, GT, AA and GT+AA respectively for five weeks. Urinary metabolic profiles were determined using 1H NMR spectroscopy. Fourteen metabolites were identified and their 24-hr excretions were quantified. Changes in the 14 metabolites demonstrated differential treatment effects on the metabolism of ZDF rats. GT and AA were found to be able to independently reduce urinary excretions of most metabolites that were overexcreted in the control diabetic rats, such as oxidative stress marker metabolites and TCA cycle metabolites. GT showed a great potential in controlling metabolic acidosis by suppressing the excretion of lactic acid and acetic acid from diabetic rats and GT+AA showed a remarkably stronger suppression than GT while AA was unable to suppress these two acids. Further investigation is needed to better understand the role of GT and/or formulated GT in altering the metabolic pathways in the diabetic animal model as well as in humans.