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Issues, Challenges, and Recommendations on the uses of Sunflower Meal in the Developing World; a Case of Africa | Abstract
Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences

Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9600

Abstract

Issues, Challenges, and Recommendations on the uses of Sunflower Meal in the Developing World; a Case of Africa

Getnet Awoke Yimer*

The current shift from animal based protein consumption to plant based protein sources is significantly attributed to the nutritional and functional benefits of the latter. Sunflower Meal (SFM) is one such protein source that has attracted food expert’s attention in the contemporary global food market. SFM contains high amounts of proteins, fiber, fat, and phenolic compounds, albeit with low lysine levels. The meal is an excellent antioxidant and lacks ant nutritional properties, thus suitable for human consumption. However, the meal is underutilized due to the presence of phenolic compounds. Different techniques are essential in extracting proteins from SFM, including enzymeassisted extraction, solvent, and ultrasound-aided processes.

Nonetheless, such technologies are yet to be implemented in Africa, limiting the use of SFM in human nutrition. This paper reviews the existing empirical research on the use of SFM for human consumption in Africa. The outcome of the review strongly indicates that Africa is yet to embrace the use of SFM for human nutrition. Indeed, this review has not established evidence suggesting that any country in Africa has embraced modern biotechnology tools to extract proteins from SFM for human consumption. Such technology should be utilized in obtaining SFM proteins for the human diet in Africa to ensure whole utilization.

Published Date: 2022-07-13; Received Date: 2022-05-06