Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the most prevalent cause of death and disability in both developed as well as developing countries. Dyslipidemia has been found to be one of the most important contributing factors. Dietary approaches tend to lower total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
Methodology: Out of 50 hypercholesterolemia patients, 38 patients participated actively in the study. A high fibre and omega-3 rich diet, followed by a thorough nutritional counselling was provided to each participant. Post two months of follow up their lipid profiles were compared and studied.
Results: The study consisted of 60.5% males and 39.5% females from the age of 25years Results of the study showed that at a 0.01 level of significance, mean LDL levels pre-diet was greater than post-diet (155.91 and 116.72 respectively) with a difference of 39.12 at a standard deviation of 19.60 and standard error mean of 3.18, mean of HDL level pre-diet was less than post-diet (46.56 and 52.13 respectively) with a difference of -5.57 and a standard deviation of 4.01 and a standard error mean of 0.65 and mean of total cholesterol pre-diet was higher than post diet (227.32 and 197.71 respectively) with the difference being 29.61 at a standard deviation of 21.76 and standard error mean of 3.53. Also, Ryan-Joiner Normality Test showed that the data followed a normal distribution.
Conclusions: When a high fibre and omega-3 rich diet is consumed regularly as part of a healthy diet, it may have beneficial effects on serum lipid levels and may help reduce any untoward cardiovascular event.