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Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Anesthesia & Clinical Research
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-6148

+44 1223 790975

James R. Stewart

Publications
  • Review Article
    Review of Pain Management in Thoracic Surgery Patients, 2018
    Author(s): Aaron Sparks and James R. StewartAaron Sparks and James R. Stewart

    Thoracic surgical procedure results in severe pain. The pain presents a unique challenge to surgeons and pain management teams. A variety of techniques have been employed with variable success. Currently, thoracic epidural represents the "gold standard" of pain control. However, problems exist with this approach. Problems include cost, constant management/adjustment and exclusion of certain patients, hypotension, urinary retention and possible hematoma. Liposomal bupivacaine provides a long acting local anesthetic. It provides multiple potential benefits. The benefits include single application, decreased overall cost, no catheter related problems, and limited opioid use. We provide an update on thoracic surgery pain control with an emphasis on new long acting liposomal bupivacaine... View More»
    DOI: 10.4172/2155-6148.1000817

    Abstract PDF

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