Aim: To analyse health-related quality of life (HRQL) in relation to participation in bullying (frequency and role). The main goal was to investigate how effects of bullying are related to role and to determine whether the effect of bullying involvement on HRQL is independent of perceived social support.
Methods: Effects of sex and role on various HRQL dimensions were investigated in a representative sample of students (N=769) in Talavera de la Reina (Spain) using Kidscreen-52. T-tests were used to analyse sex differences in HRQL, victimisation and aggression; a chi square test was used to investigate role effects and ANOVA was used to identify the HRQL profile associated with each role. Linear regression was used to determine whether the effects of victimisation and aggression on HRQL were independent of the potential effect of social support.
Results: Being involved in school bullying negatively affects children’s HRQL, whose impact is greater in aggressive victims and pure victims, respectively. Aggression has no independent effect on HRQL, whereas victimisation has a negative effect on HRQL and mood regardless of level of social support; life satisfaction is generally higher among students with social support.
Conclusion: Stability and persistence of victimisation appear to influence HRQL such that the effects of bullying on HRQL are greatest in roles that have greatest involvement in bullying.