Maternal education and elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone level | 44151
Pediatrics & Therapeutics

Pediatrics & Therapeutics
Open Access

ISSN: 2161-0665

+44 1478 350008

Maternal education and elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone levels in newborns

27th International Conference on Pediatrics, Neonatology and Pediatric Nursing

September 24-25, 2018 Tokyo, Japan

Jian Liu, John MacIntyre, Junhong Leng, Ping Shao, Shuang Zhang, Nan Li, Lei Pan, Hongyan Liu and Enqing Liu

Brock University, Canada
Parkside Medical Clinic, Canada
Tianjin Women and Childrens Health Centre, China

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: Pediatr Ther

Abstract :

Objective: To examine the relationship between neonatal thyroid function and the formal education of mothers. Study Design: Participants came from a population-based Congenital Hypothyroidism (CH) screening program in Tianjin, China. Methods: Of 66,390 registered births in 2015, 60,568 mothers and newborns had complete data. Mothers were assigned to one of four categories based on their educational attainment: (1) Mid-school or less, (2) high school or equivalent, (3) university or (4) postgraduate. Newborn (Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone) TSH level was measured on day 3-7. Two neonatal groups were created using cutoffs of TSH>10 μIU/ml and TSH>20 μIU/ml. Odds Ratios (OR) for CH risk by maternal education were estimated from logistic regression models after adjusting for potential confounders. Results: For TSH>10 μIU/ml, the screen positive incidence rate for CH was 1:201 or 4.98 per 1,000 births; for TSH>20 μIU/ ml, the incidence rate was 1:2,222 or 0.45 per 1,000 births. Screen positive incidence rates decreased with increasing maternal education level. Compared to mothers with a post-graduate education, the ORs (95% CI) for mid-school or less, high-school or equivalent and university were 2.09 (1.08, 4.04), 1.45 (0.73, 2.90) and 1.61 (0.85, 3.06) using a cutoff of TSH>10 μIU/ml. At the higher cutoff of TSH>20 μIU/ml ORs (95% CI) for mid-school or less and high-school or equivalent were 3.05 (1.20, 7.74) and 3.34 (1.24, 8.97), compared to a composite reference of university and post-graduate level education. Conclusion: Maternal education is inversely related to neonatal thyroid function though by what mechanism remains unexplained.

Biography :

Jian Liu is an Epidemiologist, works in the areas of early life risk factor’s exposures and their impact on later life chronic diseases with special attention to cardiovascular disease.