Journal of Alcoholism & Drug Dependence

Journal of Alcoholism & Drug Dependence
Open Access

ISSN: 2329-6488

Moses Elisaf

Moses Elisaf
Medical School,
451 10 Ioannina

  • Review Article
    Metabolic Abnormalities in Alcoholic Patients: Focus on Acid Base and Electrolyte Disorders
    Author(s): Moses Elisaf and Rigas KalaitzidisMoses Elisaf and Rigas Kalaitzidis

    Alcoholic patients commonly develop a variety of acid-base and electrolyte disturbances. The aim of this review is to describe the most commonly encountered abnormalities and their significant role in the patients’ morbidity and mortality. Physicians should be aware of these clinically important disturbances caused by alcohol abuse and their underlying pathophysiological mechanisms involved for their appropriate management. Alcoholic Keto Acidosis (AKA) is a medical emergency is more common than previously thought and is characterized by an increased anion gap metabolic acidosis. However, in AKA mixed acid-base disorders are commonly observed. Alcoholic patients also exhibit severe electrolyte derangements. Multifactorial origin hypomagnesaemia is the most common electrolyte abnormality observed. Hypocalcaemia is also a frequent electrolyte disturbance and is commonly .. Read More»
    DOI: 10.4172/2329-6488.1000185

    Abstract PDF

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