Cost Variation among Subpopulations of Diverted Drug Offenders under California’s Proposition 36.
Author(s): Adi Jaffe, Douglas M Anglin, Darren Urada and Elizabeth EvansAdi Jaffe, Douglas M Anglin, Darren Urada and Elizabeth Evans
Objectives: To explore differences in government costs among several subpopulations of offenders who were eligible to participate in California’s Proposition 36, enacted as the Substance Abuse and Crime Prevention Act of 2000 (SACPA). Methods: The study compared a time-lagged cohort of offenders meeting SACPA eligibility criteria before SACPA was enacted (N=42,706) to the first-year SACPA cohort (N=37,991). Difference-in-differences (DID), multilevel, multivariate, random-effects regression models that included membership in the subpopulation categories (criminal, mental health, employment) and interaction terms were estimated separately for men and women to determine the effect of SACPA on total costs and across eight cost domains (prison, jail, probation, parole, health, arrests, convictions, and treatment). Results:.. Read More»