Adequate energy intake and a diversified diet that includes fruit, vegetables, and animal products throughout the life cycle help ensure that women enter pregnancy and lactation without deficiencies and obtain adequate nutrients during periods of heightened demand. Some nutrient requirements, particularly iron, folic acid, and vitamin A, are more difficult to achieve than others through food sources. For this reason, supplements with these nutrients are recommended in addition to improved diets. Fortified foods should be promoted through counseling and social marketing in countries where foods fortified with iron, iodine, folic acid, or vitamin A are available and affordable.
Related Journals of Maternal Nutrition Therapy
Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy, Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy, Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome, Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences, Journal of Probiotics & Health