The development of a therapy for retinitis pigmentosa based on th | 57780
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology

Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9570

The development of a therapy for retinitis pigmentosa based on the nucleoredoxin-like 1 gene

20th International Congress on Vision Science and Eye

August 29-30, 2018 | Zurich, Switzerland

Emanuelle Clerin, Yang Y, Pagan D, Achiedo S, Degardin J, Cesar Q, Simonutti M, Millet-Puel G, Blond F, Ait-Ali N, Sahel J-A and Leveillard T

Institut de la Vision, France

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Clin Exp Ophthalmol

Abstract :

Retinitis pigmentosa is an inherited retinal degene ration that processes from the death of rods followed by dysfunction and degeneration of cones. The nucleoredoxin-like 1 (NXNL1) gene encodes for two different proteins: the trophic factor rod-derived cone viability factor (RdCVF) and the long form, the thioredoxin (RdCVFL). RdCVF acts by stimulating aerobic glycolysis to sustain the outer cone segment renewal and RdCVFL protects the cones against hyperoxia. To translate this promising therapy towards the clinic, independently of the causative gene, we have evaluated the therapeutic benefit of delivering both products of the NXNL1 gene by subretinal injection with an AAV vector targeting retinal pigmented epithelial cells and cones in a mouse model of the disease. Unilateral subretinal delivery of AAV-RdCVF/RdCVFL as compared to AAVGFP and sham were performed in rd10 mice at 15 days post-natal. The visual acuity test was carried out from 30 days to 55 days post-natal. Eye of animals were collected and used for automated counting after the labelling of cones. The quality control of AAV particles was made by transmission electron microscopy. The kinetics of the loss of visual acuity was significantly retarded statistically after injection of AAV-RdCVF-RdCVFL in three independent experiments. The results were validated by the increase of cone density. We have validated the quality of the viral productions by measuring the percentage of full to empty particles using electron microscopy. Poly-unsaturated fatty acids lipids of the external segment of photoreceptors are essential for phototransduction, prone to oxidation. We show a reduced amount of malondialdehyde (MDA), a marker of lipid peroxidation, for animals injected with AAV-RdCVF-RdCVFL demonstrating the additional protective effect of RdCVFL on cones, strengthening the interest to combine RdCVF and RdCVFL. Our results demonstrate that this treatment will likely be successful in preserving central vision in patients suffering from retinitis pigmentosa in the near future. Recent Publications 1. Mei X, Chaffiol A, Kole C, Yang Y, Millet-Puel G, et al. (2016): The thioredoxin encoded by the rod-derived cone viability factor gene protects cone photoreceptors against oxidative stress. Antioxidants & Redox Signaling 24(16):909??923. 2. Ait-Ali N, Fridlich R, Millet-Puel G, Clerin E, Delalande F, et al. (2015) Rod-derived cone viability factor promotes cone survival by stimulating aerobic glycolysis. Cell 161(4):817??832. 3. Byrne L C, Dalkara D, Luna G, Fisher S K, Clérin E, et al. (2015) Viral-mediated RdCVF and RdCVFL expression protects cone and rod photoreceptors in retinal degeneration. The Journal of Clinical Investigation 125(1):105??116. 4. Emmanuelle Clérin, Nicolas Wicker, Saddek Mohand-Saïd, Olivier Poch, José-Alain Sahel, et al. (2011) E-conome: an automated tissue counting platform of cone photoreceptors for rodent models of retinitis pigmentosa. BMC Ophthalmology 11:38. 5. Yang Y, Mohand-Said S, Danan A, Simonutti M, Fontaine V, et al. (2009) Functional cone rescue by RdCVF protein in a dominant model of retinitis pigmentosa. Molecular Therapy 17(5):787??795.

Biography :

Clérin E is a Research Engineer and her main expertise is in the fields of Animal Experimentation, Gene Therapy, Tissue Culture, Immunohistochemistry and Biochemistry. He manages the research activities of the team. He developed an automated counting platform at the institute of vision, e-conome to measure cone density over the whole mouse retinal surface4. This system, developed as a part of the translational research projects on RdCVF was used in the majority of the team projects in a total of six publications. Also his main mission is focused currently on this preclinical research project and to assume daily the organization, the follow-up and the feasibility of the totality of the experiment.