The association between relative peripheral refraction and myopia | 56526
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology

Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9570

The association between relative peripheral refraction and myopia

2nd International Conference on Ophthalmology

October 23-25, 2017 Osaka, Japan

Lianhong Zhou

Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, China

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Clin Exp Ophthalmol

Abstract :

Objective: To evaluate the relation between relative peripheral refraction and myopia by studying the characteristics of retinal peripheral relative refraction in children with emmetropia, low myopia or moderate myopia. Method: 90 children (with 165 eyes included) at the age of 7-12 years old, who have attended to Pediatric Ophthalmology Clinic, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University in September 2016 to February 2017, were included in the study. Axial dimensions and peripheral refraction are measured to children. The 90 subjects with 165 eyes included were divided into three refractive categories according to the spherical equivalent based on objective retinoscopic findings under cycloplegia: Emmetropia group (>-0.5 and â?¤+0.50D, n=27), low myopia group (>-3.00D and â?¤-0.50D, n=112) and moderate myopia group (>-6.00D and â?¤-3.00D, n=26). Peripheral refraction was measured in uncorrected state along 15 degrees and 30 degrees from central fixation in both nasal and temporal fields. The relative peripheral refraction (RPRE) is described as the difference between peripheral refraction and central refraction. Results: There is significant difference in RPRE among the three refraction groups, the RPRE is increased from emmetropia, low myopia to moderate myopia (<0.05). As changing of fixation angles, it decreases progressively from temporal 30 degrees, nasal 30 degrees, temporal 15 degrees to nasal 15 degrees (p<0.05). The RPRE shows relative hyperopia in low and moderate myopia, which is greater at the surrounding retina than macular center (p<0.05) and is greater at the temporal fixating angles than nasalâ??s (p>0.05) and the axial length is negatively relative with spherical equivalent refraction (r=-0.564, p=0.001) and is positively relative with RPRE, which is more strong to the temporal fixation angles, as the correlation coefficient in T30 ?°sâ??, T15 ?°sâ??, N15 ?°sâ?? and N30 ?°sâ?? RPRE are (r=0.347, p=0.001), (r=0.341, p=0.001), (r=0.199, p=0.004) and (r=0.199, p=0.001), respectively. Conclusions: Peripheral retinal relative refraction status shows relatively hyperopic that increases vary from emmetropia, low myopia to moderate myopia. Occurrence and progress of myopia may have intimate connection with total field retinal hyperopic defocus, but it will play a greater role in the temporal retina.