T cell mediated immunity to influenza virus infection requires in | 3357
Virology & Mycology

Virology & Mycology
Open Access

ISSN: 2161-0517

+44 1223 790975

T cell mediated immunity to influenza virus infection requires integrated signals from the TGFb receptor and Smad4

International Conference on Flu

June 08-10, 2015 Chicago, USA

Linda S Cauley

Posters-Accepted Abstracts: Virol-mycol

Abstract :

Influenza viruses are a leading cause of respiratory disease-associated morbidity and mortality. Although virus-specific CTLs can provide cross-protection between related viruses, eliciting memory populations with the properties that are required for immunity is a major challenge for vaccination. We have previously shown that optimal protection requires a combination of circulating memory CD8 T cells which use the bloodstream to move around the body, as well as tissue-resident memory CD8 T cells which mount rapid responses to reinfection by remaining near the site of inoculation. The signaling pathways that permit individual memory CD8 T cell subsets to adopt specialized characteristics are poorly defined. We are currently analyzing the molecular pathways that support memory CD8 T cell differentiation. Our data show that Smad4, a signaling-intermediate that acts downstream of the TGFβreceptor, plays an essential role during the differentiation of some circulating virus-specific memory CD8 T cells, while CD103+ tissue-resident memory CD8 T cells are Smad4-independent. Perturbation of these virusspecific CTL populations has important implications for long term immunity.