Retinoschisis: Yes or no? | 51799
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology

Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9570

+44 1223 790975

Retinoschisis: Yes or no?

4th International Conference on Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology

July 14-16, 2014 DoubleTree by Hilton Baltimore-BWI Airport, USA

Ingrid Kreissig

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Clin Exp Ophthalmol

Abstract :

Purpose:Senile retinoschisis is often misdiagnosed as rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, if holes are present, - not being diagnosed as inner retinal layer-, and this can result in unnecessary treatment. Five patients with senile retinoschisis and ?holes? in retina are followed up to 18 years. Materials: In five patients, diagnosis of retinoschisis was in dispute, because round holes and horseshoe tears were present. None of the patients had symptoms. Visual acuity was 20/20; they were followed from 22 months to 18 years. All were myopic (-2, 75 to -12 dpt). In 2, the retinoschisis was extending beyond 2 dd of macula. Results: The patients were not treated at initial visit, but symptoms of retinal detachment and how to test visual field were explained and to come, if changes occur. The holes were identified by laser-test as holes/horseshoe tears in inner retinal layer. During follow-up in 4 eyes, the borders remained unchanged and no pigment demarcation line developed, in 1 of them several breaks developed in inner layer which subsequently disintegrated. In 1 eye, an outer layer break developed, retinal detachment resulted, and reattachment occurred after sponge under outer layer tear, retinoschisis was unchanged. After longterm follow- up visual acuity remained 20/20 in all patients. Conclusion: Differentiation of senile retinoschisis from rhegmatogenous retinal detachment might be difficult. Characteristics can define presence of retinoschisis: Retinal semitransparency, shallowness of elevation, absence of gravity component, no symptoms, no subsequent pigment demarcation line. Inner layer holes are confirmed by laser-test. OCT often is not possible, because of anterior location.

Biography :

Ingrid Kreissig is currently a Professor at Department of Ophthalmology Univ. Mannheim-Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany. She is also serving as Adjunct Professor at New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center, New York. Her specialization includes, Posterior Segment of the Eye: St. Gall/Switzerland, Bonn/Germany, and New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center/USA. During 1979-2000, she has been the Chairman of Univ. Tuebingen/Germany. She has published more than 404 papers, those are been published in national and international journals of ophthalmology, basically on topics such as surgery of retinal detachment with long-term follow-up of anatomic and functional results, cryopexy histology, tumors, AMD, diabetic retinopathy, and intravitreal pharmacotherapy. She has also published many books.