Ocular morbidity in children with autism | 50674
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology

Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9570

+44 1223 790975

Ocular morbidity in children with autism

3rd International Conference on Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology

April 15-17, 2013 Hilton Chicago/Northbrook, USA

Gopal Bhandari

AcceptedAbstracts: J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2013

Abstract :

A utism Spectrum Disorder is a range of complex neuro-developmental disorders characterized by social impairment; communication difficulty; and restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior. Children on the autism spectrum exhibit variable refractive errors, strabismus, oculomotor dysfunction, and atypical gaze. This project was an attempt at early identification of and intervention for ocular and visual abnormalities in children on the autism spectrum. Methods: Thirty-six children from four rehabilitation centers in Nepal underwent detailed optometric examinations including refractive, oculomotor, binocular, and disease evaluations. Results: Visual abnormalities were seen in 24 (66%) children that included myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism. Strabismus was present in eight (22%) children. Amblyopia was present in 11 (31%) children. Amblyopia due to refractive error and strabismus was present in nine (25%) and 2 (6%) children, respectively. Nystagmus was seen in only one (3%) patient.