Glaucoma as a toll for hominid evolution: Constrains of the exper | 52364
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology

Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9570

+44 1223 790975

Glaucoma as a toll for hominid evolution: Constrains of the experimental animal models of glaucoma

5th International Conference on Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology

August 04-06, 2015 Valencia, Spain

Francisco Javier Carreras

Keynote: J Clin Exp Ophthalmol

Abstract :

Glaucoma continues to be a mysterious disease. High intraocular pressure (IOP), once the landmark of the disease, has been
relegated to the humble role of risk factor, in spite of the fact that lowering IOP continues to be the only partially successful
treatment. Even with a successfully controlled IOP to statistical standards, many patients still mysteriously progress in the loss
of neural tissue. A novel pathogenetic mechanism has been recently suggested as the main agent of the disease. Under this new
light, some structural details of the human eye, the result of the peculiar evolutionary development, gain an unexpected role in
the presentation of the disease. As results of cladistic analysis, the human eye appears as particularly prone to suffer glaucoma
as a consequence of the pursued evolutionary path. That makes glaucoma basically a human (and related hominid) scourge.
Exclusive features of the human eye compared to other vertebrates involve both the anterior and posterior segment. Those
features that facilitate glaucoma in humans are absent in many of the purported animal models for the disease, convoluting
even more, for its inadequacy, the mystery of glaucoma. This suggests the division of the animal models into those that mimic
the whole disease and those that only reproduce a pertinent histological feature. Unfortunately most animal models are based
in high intraocular pressure which leaves out most cases of low or moderate pressure. For any animal model, it is important
that the researcher establishes accurately the constraints of the model, to avoid jumping to conclusions.

Biography :

Francisco Javier Carreras is a Tenured Professor of Ophthalmology, University of Granada. His research has pivoted around the pathogenesis of the glaucomas.
He has contributed in the description and characterization of the Cameral Mucous Gel in humans. He has described a fluid conducting role for the perivascular
glial sheat as well as the fenestrations of the basal lamina in the inner limiting membrane. His description of a pathogenetic role of the misdirection of aqueous
humor flow is been incrementally delineated by his late contributions. He has developed a computational model of the optic pathways that helps to understand the
structural/functional relationship in glaucoma.