Evaluation of patients with dry eye disease for the presence of c | 52320
Journal of Clinical Trials

Journal of Clinical Trials
Open Access

ISSN: 2167-0870

+44 7868 792050

Evaluation of patients with dry eye disease for the presence of conjunctival Chlamydia trachomatis and Ureaplasma urealyticum infection

International Conference on Clinical Trials

July 27-29, 2015 Orlando-FL, USA

Maha M Abdelfattah1, Magda H Mahran1, Rania A Khattab2 and Ebrahim S Elborgy1

ScientificTracks Abstracts-Workshop: J Clin Trials

Abstract :

Aim: To determine the possibility of the development of dry eye disease (DED) as a result of persistent infection with C. trachomatis
and U. urealyticum in patients’ conjunctiva.
Methods: This study included 58 patients age range 20-50 years, diagnosed with DED. Control subjects were 27 non-dry eye group
(same age range). Conjunctival scrapings were collected for bacterial culture and for detection of C. trachomatis and U. urealyticum
by Direct Fluorescent Antibody (DFA) and Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods.
Results: C. trachomatis was detected in 65.5% and 76% of DED patients by DFA and PCR methods, respectively. U. urealyticum
was found in 44.8% of DED patients by PCR method. Both organisms were identified in 37.9% of DED patients. Control subjects
had C. trachomatis (22%) by DFA assay versus 7% by PCR; while U. urealyticum was detected in 3.7% by PCR. Conjunctival culture
revealed coagulase negative Staphylococcus (CONS) the most common organism followed by Staphylococcus aureus, where as
gram negative Moraxella spp. was frequently isolated.
Conclusion: Results indicate C. trachomatis and U. urealyticum were detected in DED patients, and implicated in its development.
Conjunctival microflora could show some potential value.

Biography :

Maha M Abdelfattah has completed her MD from Kasr El Eini Cairo University, she is a lecturer and researcher at the Micro Biology department at the Research
Institute of Ophthalmology. Moreover, she also works as the head of the Bacteriology Corneal Unit at the Research Institute of Ophthalmology. She has published
several papers in reputed journals, and is also a member in the Egyptian Microbiology and Immunology Medical Society, in addition to the Egyptian Ophthalmological