Developing new therapeutics in safe treatment of retinal diseases | 52108
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology

Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9570

+44 1223 790975

Developing new therapeutics in safe treatment of retinal diseases

lnternational Conference on Eye Disorders and Treatment

July 13-15, 2015 Baltimore, USA

Zheng-Rong Lu

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Clin Exp Ophthalmol

Abstract :

Retinal degeneration impairs the vision of millions in all age groups worldwide. Increasing evidence suggests that the etiology of many retinal degenerative diseases is associated with impairment in biochemical reactions involved in the visual cycle, a metabolic pathway responsible for regeneration of the visual chromophore (11-cis-retinal). Inefficient clearance of toxic retinoid metabolites, especially all-trans-retinal is considered responsible for photoreceptor cytotoxicity. Primary amines including retinylamine and its analogues are effective in lowering the concentration of all-trans-retinal within the retina and thus prevent retina degeneration in mouse models of human retinopathies. We designed and developed drug delivery systems including polymer-retinylamine conjugates and polymeric nanoparticles to improve its therapeutic efficacy. The polymer drug conjugate was effective to provide prolonged protection of light-induced retinal degeneration in Abca4�??/�??Rdh8�??/�?? (DKO), an animal model of Stargardt disease/agerelated macular degeneration after oral administration. Subcutaneous administration of the nanoparticles containing retinylamine reduced liver accumulation of the drug and resulted in effective prolonged prevention of light-induced retinal degeneration in the Abca4�??/�??Rdh8�??/�?? (DKO) mice. We also designed and developed new therapeutics that could effectively sequester toxic all-transretinal without inhibiting the enzymes involved in retinoid cycle chemistry. The new therapeutics was also effective to prevent lightinduced retinal degeneration in the Abca4�??/�??Rdh8�??/�?? mice with minimal side effects on retina functions. The drug delivery systems and new therapeutics have the potential to effectively treat retinal degenerative diseases with minimal side effects.

Biography :

Zheng-Rong Lu is M Frank Rudy and Margaret Domiter Rudy Professor of Biomedical Engineering at Case Western Reserve University and a Fellow of the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering. He received his PhD from Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China. His research efforts involve molecular imaging, MRI contrast agents, drug delivery and ocular therapeutics. He has over 140 peer-reviewed publications. He has served on numerous NIH study sections. He serves on Scientific Advisory Board of Pharmaceutical Research, Molecular Pharmaceutics and American Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging.