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Chemistry of peroxy radicals in the atmosphere: experimental study on the role of their reaction with OH radicals
Journal of Physical Chemistry & Biophysics

Journal of Physical Chemistry & Biophysics
Open Access

ISSN: 2161-0398

+44 20 3868 9735

Chemistry of peroxy radicals in the atmosphere: experimental study on the role of their reaction with OH radicals


5th International Conference on Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

October 11- 13, 2018 | Edinburgh, Scotland

Christa Fittschen

University of Lille, France

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Phys Chem Biophys

Abstract :

Peroxy radicals, RO2, are key species in the atmosphere. They are formed from the reaction of OH radicals with hydrocarbon: RH + OH + O2 ?? RO2 + H2O. In polluted environments, RO2 radicals react predominantly with NO, leading to formation of NO2 and eventually through photolysis of NO2 to formation of O3. At low NOx concentrations such as in the marine boundary layer or the background troposphere, the lifetime of RO2 radicals increases and other reaction pathways become competitive. Atmospheric chemistry models have considered until recently only the self- and cross reaction with other RO2 radicals or with HO2 radicals as the major fate for RO2 radicals under low NOx conditions. Recently, the rate constants for the reaction of peroxy radicals with OH radicals: RO2 + OH ?? products has been measured for CH3O2 and for larger peroxy up to C4. The reaction is fast and it was shown to become competitive to other sinks. In order to evaluate the impact of this so far neglected sink for peroxy radicals on the composition of remote atmospheres, the reaction products must be known. HO2 has been identified as major product for the reaction of CH3O2 radicals. A recently improved experimental set-up combining laser photolysis with two simultaneous CW-CRDS (continuous wave cavity-ring down spectroscopy) detections in the near IR allowing for a time resolved, absolute quantification of OH and RO2 radicals has been used for a further investigation of this class of reactions. High-repetition rate LIF is used for determining relative OH profiles. Currently we are investigating the product yields of larger peroxy radicals, and recent results will be presented at the conference.

Biography :

E-mail: [email protected]

 

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