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University of the West Indies, West Indies
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Clin Exp Ophthalmol
Engagement is a concept that has a continuing relevance in the workplace. Numerous academic researchers report a strong link between employee engagement and organizational performance. To gain insight into how to enhance employee engagement levels, this study was conducted to investigate the relationship between employee engagement and four leadership styles â�?�? autocratic, democratic, transformational and transactional. This research focuses on the Port of Spain General Hospital, a major trauma centre in Trinidad and Tobago and aims to determine which leadership styles are most appropriate in providing a positive impact on engagement in order to develop a leadership framework that incorporates and optimizes physician engagement which will better enable the organization to achieve its missions and goals. The participants involved in this study were comprised specifically of physicians who are currently employed at the Port of Spain General Hospital. Open-ended questionnaires used were geared towards collecting data that could possibly shed light on the current levels of engagement of each participant and their perceptions of leadership and leadership styles at the hospital. Results highlighted that engagement levels in a hospital setting may be associated with a physiciansâ�?�? perception of the leadership style used by his/her direct supervisor. Data collected was supported by the literature reviewed which proposes that leadership styles such as democratic and transformational leadership are more likely able to promote greater levels of engagement as perceived by physicians. However, leadership styles such as autocratic and transactional were perceived negatively and could be considered as less suited to optimize engagement levels.