A New Control Method for Enhanced Adsorption Using EB-CCC
Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques
Open Access

ISSN: 2157-7064

Short Communication - (2022)

A New Control Method for Enhanced Adsorption Using EB-CCC

Martina Catani*
*Correspondence: Martina Catani, Department of Analytical chemistry, University of Jigjiga, Jijiga, Somali, Ethiopia, Email:

Author info »

About the Study

The separation and purification of heparin, an anticoagulant and antithrombotic glycosaminoglycan, using the Expanded Bed anion exchange in a Counter Current Chromatography Column (EB-CCC) method is described here for the first time. When compared to traditional fixed bed column chromatography (FBCC), the EB-CCC method performed better at enhancing adsorption at high flow rates and shortening separation times. At an eluent flow rate of 1 mL/min, the maximum adsorption (91.66%) of EB-CCC was substantially higher than that of FBCC (45.16%). Similar to EB-CCC, heparin's experimental adsorption capacity increased by 1.69, 2.06 and 2.58 times, respectively, at flow rates of 1, 2, and 5 mL/min [1].

At a flow rate of 2 mL/min and an EB-CCC rotating speed of 300 rpm, the directly proportional amplification of doubleloaded resin and double-column volume was also demonstrated, and the experimental adsorption capacity was found to rise from 66.42 to 136.48 mg/g1 after amplification. The potency of heparin purified by EB-CCC was higher than that of FBCC (205.51 7.90 IUmg1) and the initial crude heparin (134.17 4.12 IUmg1) (216.09 11.89 IUmg1). Additionally, heparin purified by EB-CCC displayed low molecular weight, high FXa/FIIa, greater anticoagulation efficacy, and improved appropriateness as an exogenous anticoagulant in comparison to heparin purified by FBCC.

For continuous capture operations, multi-column countercurrent chromatography is a cutting-edge technique that increases process productivity, resin capacity utilization, and product uniformity. However, because processes are complicated, process development is challenging. This study presented a few general and practical guidelines for three-column Periodic Counter-Current Chromatography (3C-PCC). With the use of model-based predictions, the boundaries and distributions of the 3C-PCC processes' working windows were made clear. For maximum productivity, a wide variety of interactive effects of feed concentration (C0), resin characteristics (qmax and De), recovery and regeneration times (tRR), were studied (Pmax). Additionally, Pmax variation was examined in light of the constraint factors (capacity utilization target and flow rate limitation).

Qmax and tRR were used to determine the plateau value of Pmax. There was a critical concentration to determine whether the operating circumstances of Pmax were constrained. Qmax, tRR, and C0 interacted to limit the operating parameters for Pmax [2]. A model-free approach to process creation was suggested based on the thorough understanding of 3C-PCC processes. A set of breakthrough curves was utilized to optimize the process performance and screen resins, and these curves could be used to establish the ideal operating parameters. Monoclonal Antibody (mAb) capture with a 3C-PCC system at varied mAb and feed concentrations was used to validate the suggested method.

The findings showed the need of having a full understanding of multi-column counter-current chromatography processes based on models, which might lead to better process development and the establishment of model-free applications. We created a chromatographic separation system for the effective concentration and purification of IgM from hybridoma culture supernatants utilizing EDTPA-modified zirconia particles that preferentially adsorb immunoglobulins in a column. IgM-containing hybridoma culture supernatants were diluted three times in 10 mM phosphate buffer (pH 7.0) before being run down the column [3]. Zirconia particles selectively adsorb these IgMs during this process, and the majority of the contaminated proteins flow out into the flow-through. A little amount of 400 mM phosphate buffer (pH 8.0) made it simple to elute the adsorbed IgMs, and high-concentration IgM solutions were created.

IgM was produced with excellent purity through easy processing utilizing a CaptoTM Core 400 cartridge column. Because only neutral phosphate buffer ranges are used in the purification process, the operation is simple and the activity of IgM is maintained. Here, we demonstrated that Burkitt lymphoma and cervical cancer cells that selectively express these corresponding tumor-associated carbohydrate antigens may be stained with antigloboside and anti-CDw75 IgM that has been purified using this technique [4].

Continuous multi-column counter current chromatography systems are difficult to regulate using conventional methods because of fluctuations in the inlet feed stream concentration. Instead of using an impurity baseline, we suggest a new control method based on computed product column breakthrough using UV sensor signals.


This method uses the impurity to product ratio rather than an impurity baseline. The intake feed concentration has no bearing on this computation. The suggested method can compute the product column breakthrough perfectly even with varying and extremely unstable inlet feed concentration throughout a loading cycle, according to insilico simulation. The usual method failed to maintain constant column loading in each cycle when used to operate a three column periodic counter current chromatography operation with varying intake feed concentration. For an accurate computation of column breakthrough when comparing input and outlet UV signals, an intrinsic limiting factor has been discovered as inevitable band widening brought on by diffusion and dispersion. The suggested sophisticated computations expand the ability to process unstable incoming streams and boost the resilience of periodic counter current chromatography.


Author Info

Martina Catani*
Department of Analytical chemistry, University of Jigjiga, Jijiga, Somali, Ethiopia

Citation: Catani M (2022) A New Control Method for Enhanced Adsorption Using EB-CCC. J Chromatogr Sep Tech. S2: 005.

Received: 25-Oct-2022, Manuscript No. JCGST-22-20741; Editor assigned: 28-Oct-2022, Pre QC No. JCGST-22-20741(PQ); Reviewed: 15-Nov-2022, QC No. JCGST-22-20741; Revised: 24-Nov-2022, Manuscript No. JCGST-22-20741(R); Published: 02-Dec-2022 , DOI: 10.35248/2157-7064.22.S2.005

Copyright: © 2022 Catani M. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.