Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications

Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications
Open Access

ISSN: 2090-4541

MN Almustapha

Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria

  • Research Article   
    Application of Green Catalyst Synthesized from Snail Shell in Conversion of Marula Seeds Oil to Biodiesel
    Author(s): C Muhammad, MN Almustapha, AD Tambuwal, Buhari Idris* and Bashar Hadi Abdullahi

    With the aim of developing a process of biodiesel production that is environmentally benign greater interest is been focused on the use of solid base catalysts, such as calcium oxide, for the transesterification of vegetable oils. Snail shell was subjected to calcination–hydration–dehydration treatment to obtained CaO. The resulting CaO catalyst was characterized using XRF, XRD and FTIR analysis. The optimization process was carried out using Box-Behnken design on Design Expert (version 6) software. The effect of reaction variables such as temperature (˚C), reaction time (min), methanol to oil ratio and catalyst concentration (g) on the transesterification process was investigated. The model developed showed optimum conditions for biodiesel production as follows: Catalyst concentration of 0.5 g, temperature of 60˚C, methanol to oil ratio o.. View More»

    Abstract HTML PDF