Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9554

Maria Angelo-Khattar

American Academy of Anti-Aging Medicine, Dubai, UAE

  • Case Series   
    A Procedural Approach to Minimize the Risk of Embolization of Blood Vessels with Soft-Tissue Fillers
    Author(s): Maria Angelo-Khattar*

    Background: Soft-tissue filler injections are amongst the most widely used treatments in nonsurgical facial rejuvenation. Although generally deemed safe, rare catastrophic side effects are regularly reported in the literature, the most devastating of which is irreversible blindness. The avoidance of these serious vascular events is of the utmost importance during soft tissue filler injections. Objective: This article suggests a procedural protocol to greatly minimize the risk of embolization of blood vessels with soft-tissue fillers. Discussion: Extensive cadaver studies have shown significant inter-individual and intra-individual variations in vascular anatomy. Hence, detailed knowledge of anatomy, albeit very important, is not always sufficient to prevent the accidental cannulation of major arteries.. View More»
    DOI: 10.35248/2155-9554.11.s7.544

    Abstract HTML PDF