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Anxiety and Depression Prevalence in Essential Hypertensive Patients is there an Association with Arterial Stiffness?
Author(s): Mermerelis A, Kyvelou SM, Vellinga A, C Stefanadis, C Papageorgiou and Douzenis AMermerelis A, Kyvelou SM, Vellinga A, C Stefanadis, C Papageorgiou and Douzenis A
Background: The aim of the present study was to access the prevalence of anxiety and depression among essential hypertensive patients in different stages of hypertension compared to normotensives. Subjects were free of any psychiatric illness. Further evaluation of arterial stiffness was carried out and attempt to correlate with anxiety and depression was made. Materials and Methods: The study comprised of 127 participants who were divided in three groups based on the stage of hypertension; Group 1 (n=33 patients with stage 1 HTN), group 2 (n=30 patients with stage 2 HTN) and group 3 (n=30 patients with stage 3 HTN). The assessment of depression was made by means of the Becks Depression Inventory, BDI scale. Patients were further evaluated for anxiety and depression symptoms using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression, HADS scale. The cardio-ankl.. View More»