Journal of Clinical and Cellular Immunology

Journal of Clinical and Cellular Immunology
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9899

+44 1223 790975

Prathiba Chichurakanahalli Srinivasan

Prathiba Chichurakanahalli Srinivasan
SV Dental College,
Bangalore, Karnataka

  • Review Article
    The Role of Inflammatory Cytokines and the RANKL-RANK-OPG Molecular Triad in Periodontal Bone Loss-A Review
    Author(s): Prathiba Chichurakanahalli SrinivasanPrathiba Chichurakanahalli Srinivasan

    Periodontal diseases are chronic inflammatory disorders involving the supporting structures of the teeth. Connective tissue destruction and loss of bone support of the dentition are key features of this disease. Early studies have revealed that biofilm plaque accumulation in the dentogingival area is the primary etiological factor of periodontal diseases. Recent research has not only reinforced the bacterial etiology of periodontal disease, but has also emphasized the role of inflammation in this pathologic process. The host mounts an immune-inflammatory response to combat the bacterial attack. The host response is like a double-edged sword. It eliminates the offending pathogens, but overstimulation and amplification of the same leads to tissue destruction and bone loss. In the mid- 1990s, extensive research in the field of bone biology led to the discovery of the RANKL-RANK-OPG molec.. View More»
    DOI: 10.4172/2155-9899.S13-007

    Abstract PDF

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