Maria Chiara Pino
Health and Environmental Sciences,
Via Vetoio, Località Coppito, 67100 L’Aquila
Effect of Gaze Direction on Orienting of Attention in Patients with Schizophrenia: Attention or Social Cognition Deficit?
Author(s): Maria Chiara Pino, Melania Mariano, Alessandro Valchera, Marco Valenti, Domenico De Berardis and Monica MazzaMaria Chiara Pino, Melania Mariano, Alessandro Valchera, Marco Valenti, Domenico De Berardis and Monica Mazza
Introduction: the ability to use the gaze direction of another person to guide attention is part of a complex construct named Social Cognition. Schizophrenics showed impairments in domains of social cognition. Aim and objectives: the aim of this study was to investigate whether gaze cueing of attention is compromised in schizophrenic subjects. Materials and methods: we tested 18 schizophrenics and 18 controls who were presented with gaze and arrow cues in a modified version of the Posner’s spatial cueing paradigm. Results: The performance of schizophrenics was compromised when the cue is represented by the gaze rather than by the arrow. In fact, our results showed that two groups differ only for gaze condition both in reaction times (F1,34=61.557; p=0.0001) and number of errors (F1,.. Read More»