Journal of Clinical and Cellular Immunology

Journal of Clinical and Cellular Immunology
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9899

+44 1223 790975

Gerard F Hoyne

Gerard F Hoyne
School of Health Sciences, University of Notre Dame Australia,
Fremantle, Western Australia 6959

  • Review Article
    The Role of the Nef Protein in MHC-I Downregulation and Viral Immune Evasion by HIV-1
    Author(s): Hannah Elliott and Gerard F HoyneHannah Elliott and Gerard F Hoyne

    The Nef protein is a major determinant of pathogenicity caused by the Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and is encoded by the nef gene within the genomes of primate lentiviruses HIV-1, HIV-2 and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). The HIV Nef protein subverts the intracellular membrane traffic to mediate endocytosis of a number of cell surface receptors to accelerate their degradation. In this review we will examine how the multifunctional Nef protein can mediate downregulation of the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) I proteins from the surface of infected cells as a means of immune evasion by HIV. By selectively downregulating MHC-I HLA-A and HLA-B haplotypes, while maintaining the expression of HLA-C, HLA-E and HLA-G the HIV virus is able to avoid recognition by both the NK and cytotoxic CD8+ T cell effector responses. This protects the virus from cell ly.. View More»
    DOI: 10.4172/2155-9899.1000375

    Abstract PDF

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