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Journal of Clinical and Cellular Immunology

Journal of Clinical and Cellular Immunology
Open Access

ISSN: 2155-9899

Frank Blecha

Frank Blecha

Tanzania

Publications
  • Review Article
    Macrophage Polarization in Virus-Host Interactions
    Author(s): Yongming Sang, Laura C Miller and Frank BlechaYongming Sang, Laura C Miller and Frank Blecha

    Macrophage involvement in viral infections and antiviral states is common. However, this involvement has not been well-studied in the paradigm of macrophage polarization, which typically has been categorized by the dichotomy of classical (M1) and alternative (M2) statuses. Recent studies have revealed the complexity of macrophage polarization in response to various cellular mediators and exogenous stimuli by adopting a multipolar view to revisit the differential process of macrophages, especially those re-polarized during viral infections. Here, through examination of viral infections targeting macrophages/monocytic cells, we focus on the direct involvement of macrophage polarization during viral infections. Type I and type III interferons (IFNs) are critical in regulation of viral pathogenesis and host antiviral infection; thus, we propose to incorporate .. Read More»
    DOI: 10.4172/2155-9899.1000311

    Abstract PDF

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