Journal of Thyroid Disorders & Therapy

Journal of Thyroid Disorders & Therapy
Open Access

ISSN: 2167-7948

+44 1300 500008

Daniel Thut

Daniel Thut


  • Research Article
    Lithium Therapy and Thyroid Disorders
    Author(s): Daniel Thut and David ChengDaniel Thut and David Cheng

    Lithium is a first-line treatment for bipolar disorder and is associated with a variety of thyroid toxicities. The pathophysiology is complex but may include inhibiting the formation and release of thyroid hormones, increasing intrathyroidal iodine content, altering the hypothalamus-pituitary axis, and stimulating various cellular pathways such as insulin-like growth factor, tyrosine kinase, and Wnt/β-catenin signaling. Goiter, the most common manifestation, is noted in up to 50% of patients, which is followed by hypothyroidism seen in approximately 20% of patients. The incidence of hyperthyroidism is less frequent in lithium-treated patients but is still higher than in the general population. By decreasing thyroid hormone release, lithium can be used to treat hyperthyroidism, but limited data supporting its effectiveness and lithium’s associated toxicity limit its use to r.. View More»
    DOI: 10.4172/2167-7948.1000125

    Abstract PDF

Relevant Topics