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Background: FGM/C can lead to a number of health complications, such as pain during intercourse or childbirth, psychological problems, and postpartum complications. This study seeks to describe and assess Swedish healthcare for women subjected to FGM/C.
Methods: This aim encompasses three research foci: (1) to inventory Swedish regional healthcare guidelines and policies for care for women who have undergone FGM/C, (2) to map healthcare consumption among women who have undergone FGM/C, and (3) to map the type of care measures and treatment they have been offered in the Swedish healthcare system. A questionnaire was sent to healthcare regional managers and a database study was conducted.
Results: The inventory of the healthcare regions' guidelines shows that five of 21 had no guidelines. The number of women who have been subjected to FGM/C and sought care has increased steadily between 2012 and 2018. Women who have been subjected to FGM/C seek care mostly in connection with pregnancy and childbirth.
Conclusion: The types of care that should be offered to women who have been subjected to FGM/C vary depending on individual needs. Care may include surgical procedures in the form of defibulation, clitoral reconstruction, or removal of cysts, as well as psychosexual care. Existing treatment options in surgical care, together with psychosexual treatment, are the care measures that seem to be helpful for some women who have undergone FGM/C, but not for all. Communication and treatment are of great importance in order to be able to offer care to women who have undergone FGM/C.
Published Date: 2021-08-31; Received Date: 2021-08-10