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Radiological Findings in Severe Pneumonia in Children 1-59 Months in a Children's Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan | Abstract
Pediatrics & Therapeutics

Pediatrics & Therapeutics
Open Access

ISSN: 2161-0665

+44 20 3868 9735

Abstract

Radiological Findings in Severe Pneumonia in Children 1-59 Months in a Children's Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan

Karim Eldin Mohamed Ali Salih, Osman Abdel Wahb and Salah Ahmed Ibrahim

Objective: This prospective hospital base study was conducted to examine the role of chest radiography in diagnosis of pneumonia in children and correlate the severity of the disease with radiological findings. Methods: A total of 156 cases aged 1-59 months admitted through the Emergency Room with severe pneumonia were enrolled over 24 hours/day admissions, once every two weeks Results: The enrolled groups were 61.5% female, 38.5% were male. The chest X-ray showed pneumonia in 83 (53.2%) cases with alveolar pneumonia accounting for 47 (30.12%), and non alveolar pneumonia for 36 (23.10%) cases. Factors that were found to have significant association with severe pneumonia included smoking associated diarrheal diseases, endemic diseases, malnutrition anaemia and breastfeeding < 18 months. (P. value < 0.04; < 0.001, <0.001, <0.001, <0.01 and <0.48, respectively). In conclusion chest X-ray is an important tool in diagnosing severe pneumonia, particularly in situations where other means of investigations are meager.