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Several treatments have been proposed for the management of spasticity. The injection of botulinum toxin type A is considered the gold standard treatment and appears to be safe and effective. The combination between botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) and physiotherapy (FKT) is thought to be able to enhance the effects. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of the administration of botulinum toxin type A when combined with a specific rehabilitation protocol in subjects with focal spasticity. 44 subjects were randomly divided into two groups (A and B).
All subjects underwent ECO and EMG guided BTX-A injection. After the injection group A underwent a complex rehabilitation protocol with functional electrical stimulation, functional bandaging, manual therapy, cognitive sensory motor training and focal vibration on the treated muscle; group B made functional rehabilitation at home.
Both groups improved spasticity, pain and function in the first month after the inoculation (T1) but only in group A an improvement at the follow up performed in the subsequent 9 months was observed.
According to the results, it may be suggested that the inoculation of Botulinum toxin A should be properly placed within a specific rehabilitation program.