Thyroid Cancer in Children | 19414
Clinical Pediatrics: Open Access

Clinical Pediatrics: Open Access
Open Access

ISSN: 2572-0775

Thyroid Cancer in Children

17th Annual Congress on Pediatrics & Neonatology

August 13-14, 2018 Osaka, Japan

Humberto Lugo-Vicente

San Jorge Childrens Hospital, Puerto Rico

Keynote: Clin Pediatr OA

Abstract :

Cancer of the thyroid gland in pediatric patients is rare and if left untreated spreads and become lethal. Thyroid nodules in pediatric patients are four times more likely being malignant than adult nodules. The incidence of thyroid cancer in children increases with age, sex, race and nodule size. Exposures to low level of head and neck irradiation at young age, cancer survivors, family history of thyroid cancer and iodine deficiency are specific risk factors to develop thyroid cancer. Thyroid cancer is subdivided into papillary, follicular and medullary thyroid cancer varying in histological characteristics. Children who present with thyroid nodules should undergo ultrasound and fine needle aspiration biopsy to evaluate malignant potential. If biopsy results are positive for malignancy best option is complete surgical resection of the thyroid gland with central lymph node dissection followed by radioactive iodine treatment. Surgeons need to take certain precaution to avoid postoperative complications like hypoparathyroidism or recurrent laryngeal nerve damage. Follow-up is essential in order to evaluate remission or recurrence. An excellent prognosis in pediatric patients is the result of such an aggressive approach that can be supported by the low complications rate and low recurrence rate following surgery.

Biography :

Humberto Lugo-Vicente is Director of Pediatric Surgery at San Jorge Children’s Hospital and Professor of Pediatric Surgery at the University of Puerto Rico and University Pediatric Hospital. Editor-in-Chief of Pediatric Surgery Update ( Member of the American Pediatric Surgery Association.