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Amir Pouremamal and Farhad Pouremamali
Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Tabriz Educational Regional Blood Center, Iran
Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Antivir Antiretrovir
Background: Human rhinoviruses (HRVs) and Human enteroviruses (HEVs) are causes of respiratory infections (RIs). HRVs and EVs are a group of Picornaviridae family. They are positive sense-stranded RNA (ssRNA) viruses with a 7200 bp. Many studies have now present that HRVs & HEVs infections can lead to an influenza-like illness, such as lower respiratory tract infections, chronic infections and secondary bacterial infections. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study which was conducted on 100 nasopharyngeal swab specimens in patients with RIs which were admitted to hospital in Ahvaz. Patients had symptoms such as fever, headache and cough. Semi-Nested PCR was done on samples for detection of HRVs and HEVs. Results: It was shown in this study that from of 100 cases of RIs 19 patients (19%) were Rhino positive and 3 patients (3%) were HEV positive. Most positive cases of Rhino positive were in the autumn and most positive cases of HEV positive were equal in spring, summer and autumn. Conclusion: HRV/HEVs are common pathogens in patients with RIs, similar to influenza viruses. Most positive cases of HRV positive were seen in the autumn by 31 to 45 years old age range and the rate of this virus among women is three times more than men. HEV positive rate among men is two-fold female.