The bioliq-process for synthetic chemicals and fuels production | 52446
Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications

Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications
Open Access

ISSN: 2090-4541

+44 1300 500008

The bioliq-process for synthetic chemicals and fuels production

International Congress and Expo on Biofuels & Bioenergy

August 25- 27, 2015 Valencia, Spain

Nicolaus Dahmen

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Fundam Renewable Energy Appl

Abstract :

The bioliq project aims at the large scale production of synthetic biofuels from biomass (BTL, biomass to liquids). The bioliq
process concept has been designed to overcome the problems met, when low grade, residual biomass are to be used to a large
extent as required in a BTL process. Biomass such as straw, hay, residual wood etc. usually exhibit low energetic densities, thus
limiting collection area and transportation distances. On the other hand, the production of synthetic fuels requires large scale
production facilities in accordance with economy of scale considerations. In the bioliq process, biomass is pre-treated in regionally
distributed fast pyrolysis plants for energy densification. The products, pyrolysis char and liquid condensates, are mixed to form
stable, transportable and pumpable slurries also referred as to biosyncrude. Thus biomass is energetically concentrated allowing
for economic transport also over long distances. In industrial plants of reasonable size, the biosyncrude would be gasified in an
entrained flow gasifier at a pressure slightly above that of the following fuel synthesis. On site of KIT, a pilot plant was constructed
and commissioned for process demonstration, to obtain reliable mass and energy balances, for gaining practical experience,
and to allow for reasonable cost estimates. The fast pyrolysis plant has a biomass feed capacity of 500 kg/h (2 MW(th)). A twinscrew
reactor, equipped with a pneumatic heat carrier loop with sand as the heat carrier medium is the main technical feature
of the plant. The high pressure entrained flow gasifier of 5 MW(th) thermal fuel capacity is an oxygen blown slagging reactor
equipped with an internal cooling screen, particularly suited for the conversion of ash rich feeds and fast start up and shut down
procedures. The raw synthesis gas is purified and conditioned by a high pressure hot gas cleaning system, consisting of a hot gas
filter with ceramic filter elements, a fixed bed adsorption for HCl and H2S removal and a catalytic converter for decomposition
of nitrogen and sulfur containing trace compounds. Afterwards, CO2 is separated. The purified synthesis gas is then converted
to dimethylether in a one-step synthesis process, which in a subsequently following reaction is converted into fully compatible
gasoline. Now, the pilot plant construction is completed and first operation took place by commissioning the whole process
chain. The process development is embedded into a coherent R&D framework, allowing operation and further development on
a science based basis. The pilot plant will be used as a research platform and offers many opportunities for collaborative work
and joint projects with additional partners. The bioliq pilot plant is constructed and operated in cooperation with partners from
chemical engineering and plant construction industries. Financial support was provided by the Germany Ministry of Agriculture
and Food (BMEL), the state Baden-Württemberg and the European Community.

Biography :

Nicolaus Dahmen studied chemistry at the University of Bochum, finishing his PhD in high pressure thermodynamics in 1992. He started his professional work
on application of high pressure to chemical reactions and separation processes as a group leader and, since 2000, as Head of division at the Research Centre
Karlsruhe, which in 2010 merged into the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) together with the University of Karlsruhe. In 2005, he became project manager
of the bioliq project, in which a large scale pilot plant was installed at KIT for synthetic fuels and chemicals production. Shortly after, he also took over the
“Thermochemical biomass refining” division in the Institute for Catalysis Research and Technology (IKFT) and, after his habilitation on fundamentals for process
developments with supercritical fluids, became a lecturer on physical and technical chemistry at the University of Heidelberg in 2010. After commissioning the pilot
plant in 2014 he now is responsible for the bioliq R&D program.