Solid waste management employing bio-inoculants | 53846
Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications

Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications
Open Access

ISSN: 2090-4541

+44 1300 500008

Solid waste management employing bio-inoculants

Euro-Global Summit and Expo on Biomass

August 08-09, 2016 Birmingham, UK

Satyawati Sharma, Ritika Pathak and Kalpana Arora

Indian Institute of Technology-New Delhi, India

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Fundam Renewable Energy Appl

Abstract :

Rapid increase in population and urbanization has led to a drastic increase in the rate of waste generation. A report by World Bank has estimated that the amount of municipal solid waste generated globally is 1.3 billion tons per year and by 2025 this will likely increase to 2.2 billion tons. As per the information received from State Pollution Control Board, India (2009-12), 127,486 TPD (Tons per day) municipal solid-wastes is generated in the country. Big cities collect about 70-90% of MSW generated, whereas smaller cities and towns collect less than 50%. More than 91% of the MSW collected formally is land filled. It has also been reported that about 12% of the wastes is burnt openly on the streets. All these waste disposal practices create various environmental problems and health hazards. Moreover there is a lot of demand of organic food all over the world and to produce the same huge quantity of organic manures is required. To solve these problems, environment friendly waste management practices have to be identified and employed to manage the solid waste. One such process of converting organic waste into plant nutrient rich humus, is composting. As traditional aerobic composting process takes a time period of 5-6 months, it is important to search the ways to fasten the decomposition process and produce quality compost in short period. The composting process can be fastened through the use of bio-inoculants or mechanization or both. At CRDT, IIT Delhi a tremendous amount of work has been done on solid waste management. This includes development of microbial formulations employing Paecilomyces variotii, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Azotobacter chroococcum, Lactobacillus Casei and Trichoderma harzianum for rapid decomposition of waste and quality compost production during summer and winter seasons. Enzyme activity of lignocellulolytic microorganisms, T. harzianum and P. variotii during the composting process has also been studied. A complete package of rapid composting technology has been transferred to village Mubarakpur and handed over to Gram Panchayat. The combined role of microbial formulations developed and earthworms in rapid composting, plant nutrient management and bioremediation (removing heavy metals namely Pb and Cd) has been evaluated. The efficacy of efficient microorganisms employed in rapid decomposition has also been studied against plant pathogens namely Fusarium oxysporum and Verticilium dahliae. T. harzianum and P. variotii recorded a percentage inhibition of 66% and 44% against V. dahlia and 72% and 64.7% against F. oxysporum respectively. The vermi-compost produced by the local (L. mauritii) and exotic (E. foetida) earthworms was used for cultivating button mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus). Very interesting results were obtained pertaining to all these studies mentioned and all the data regarding various experiments will be presented in the conference.

Biography :