Risk of stroke with mitral stenosis: the underlying mechanism, tr | 60715
Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy

Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy
Open Access

ISSN: 2161-0487

+44 7868 792050

Risk of stroke with mitral stenosis: the underlying mechanism, treatment, and prevention

World Congress on Stress and Anxiety

July 06, 2022 | Webinar

Hamza Islam and Rabia Islam

Punjab Medical College, Pakistan

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Psychol Psychother

Abstract :

Mitral stenosis (MS), a valvular heart disease, is defined by the narrowing of the mitral valve orifice. The common risk factors for stroke include mitral annular calcification (MAC), diabetes mellitus (DM), male gender, hypertension (HTN), hyperlipidemia, and obesity. Endothelial damage, hypercoagulability, and blood stasis in the left atrium promote the development of the thrombus. Among all the risk factors described, MAC is the independent predictor of stroke. The complicated mechanisms responsible for thromboembolism, predisposing factors for thromboembolism, the risk of cerebrovascular accident (CVA) in MS patients, advanced standardized assessment models for identifying those at risk for stroke, and the possible advantages and disadvantages of available therapies have all been discussed in this review article. We have also discussed newer oral anticoagulants (NOACs) like dabigatran, edoxaban, apixaban, and rivaroxaban. Nonpharmacological therapies are also highlighted such as left atrial appendage ligation and occlusion devices. We also conducted a thorough review of the literature on the efficacy and safety of various NOACs in reducing the risk of stroke.

Biography :

Hamza Islam is a graduate of Punjab Medical College, Faisalabad, Pakistan. He is an enthusiastic researcher. Internal medicine is among his fields of interest. He was involved in the poster presentations and oral case presentation (CPC) in his Alma-mater. He is interested in presenting his contribution at national and international level. He is working with his fellow researchers on different projects. He also attended multiple health related conferences and workshops.