Risk assessment of aminoglycoside resistance genes at sub inhibit | 17677
Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology

Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
Open Access

ISSN: 2157-7609


Risk assessment of aminoglycoside resistance genes at sub inhibitory concentrations: Cross resistance patterns [aph(3)IIIa, aac-aph] in Enterococcus faecalis 33-1, adaptive selection in Lactobacillus plantarum C27b MCC30

2nd World Congress and Exhibition on Antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistance

October 13-15, 2016 Manchester, UK

Jaimee George and Prakash M Halami

CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute, India

Scientific Tracks Abstracts: J Drug Metab Toxicol

Abstract :

Low level resistance is associated with constitutive expression of aminoglycoside resistance genes. Nevertheless, treatment with specific aminoglycosides facilitates induction of mRNA expression as well as confers resistance to structurally related antibiotics of this class. As vital drugs in human therapy this cross resistance mechanism in bacteria may challenge the efficacy of the entire aminoglycoside class. In the presence of two or more aminoglycoside resistance genes viz. aac(6�?´)Ie-aph(2�?)Ia and aph(3�?)IIIa (kanamycin resistance) in E. faecalis 33-1, it was interesting to observe the pattern of expression levels of each gene upon individual induction with increasing concentrations of gentamicin, kanamycin and streptomycin (2048, 4096, 8192, 16384 �?¼g/ mL). The expression of the bifunctional and kanamycin resistance genes increased with the increase in gentamicin and kanamycin concentration, respectively. Upon streptomycin and gentamicin induction, the expression levels increased at a low concentration (2048 �?¼g/mL) with gradual decrease at higher concentrations for aac(6�?´)Ie-aph(2�?)Iaand aph(3�?)IIIa, respectively. Similar observation was made for aph(3�?)IIIagene when induced with gentamicin at 8192 �?¼g/mL. However, it was least expected to observe significant increase in expression of the aph(3�?)IIIa gene which is not known to induce when treated with streptomycin and may have a novel mechanism. Similarly, the genotypic and phenotypic effects of continuous induction with sub-inhibitory concentrations of gentamicin for 30 days in Lactobacillus plantarum C27b MCC3011 harboring aac(6�?´)Ie-aph(2�?)Ia gene were investigated. In addition, plasmid encoded horizontal gene transfer of the high level aminoglycoside resistance gene, aac(6�?´)Ie-aph(2�?)Ia from viz. Enterococcus avium, E. cecorum, E. faecalis species into the recipient strain E. faecalis JH2-2 by filter mating indicated the possibilities gene transfer into pathogenic strains in the gut. Thus, this investigation demonstrates that exposure to sub lethal aminoglycoside concentrations facilitate cross resistance mechanisms, biofilm formation, conjugal transfer and adaptive selection of resistance genes in commensal lactic acid bacteria which can have deleterious effects.

Biography :

Jaimee George has completed her post graduation in Microbiology from the University of Mysore, Karnataka. She is currently pursuing her PhD from Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, India. She is presently working on the topic “Molecular assessment of aminoglycoside resistance in Enterococcus sp.” has published two papers in reputed journals. Her work highlights the significance of aminoglycoside resistance in lactic acid bacteria isolated from farm animals and fermented food, its spread via horizontal gene transfer as well as its expression studies.