Riboswitch control of aminoglycoside antibiotic resistance | 17685
Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology

Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
Open Access

ISSN: 2157-7609


Riboswitch control of aminoglycoside antibiotic resistance

2nd World Congress and Exhibition on Antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistance

October 13-15, 2016 Manchester, UK

Xu Jia, Jing Zhang, Wenxia Sun, Weizhi He, Hengyi Jiang, Badong Ling, Dongrong Chen and Alastair I H Murchie

Fudan University, China
Chengdu Medical College, China

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Drug Metab Toxicol

Abstract :

Regulatory RNA molecules in bacteria are increasingly shown to play an important role in influencing gene expression, particularly during the response to the changes of intracellular and environmental signals or stress conditions (including exposure to antimicrobial agents). The majority of riboswitches are regulatory RNAs that regulate gene expression by binding small molecule metabolites. Here we report the discovery of an aminoglycoside-binding riboswitch that is widely distributed among antibiotic resistant bacterial pathogens. This riboswitch is present in the leader RNA of the resistance genes that encode the Aminoglycoside Acetyl Transferase (AAC) and Aminoglycoside Adenyl Transferase (AAD) enzymes that confer resistance to aminoglycoside antibiotics through modification of the drugs. We show that expression of the AAC and AAD resistance genes is regulated by aminoglycoside binding to a secondary structure in their 5��? leader RNA. Reporter gene expression, direct measurements of drug RNA binding, chemical probing and UV cross-linking combined with mutational analysis demonstrate that the leader RNA functions as an aminoglycoside-sensing riboswitch in which drug binding to the leader RNA leads to the induction of aminoglycosides antibiotic resistance. Effects of other RNA structural change-related mechanisms such as ribosome stalling on antimicrobial resistance are also described.

Biography :

Xu Jia has completed his PhD from Fudan University, China. He is the Director of non-coding RNA and Drug Discovery Laboratory in Chengdu Medical College. His work continues towards defining the regulatory function of small non-coding RNA in antibiotic resistance as well as the mechanisms involved in RNA structure change. He has published more than 10 papers related to antibiotic resistance and epidemiology survey in reputed journals and has been serving as a Distinguished Professor in Chengdu Medical College.