Beshatu Ferede Weldo, Fanta Disassa, Aklilu Feleke, Getachew Tadesse and Nebyu Moje
Wollega University, Ethiopia
Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
Hawasa University, Ethiopia
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Drug Metab Toxicol
An increase in the resistance of Salmonella to commonly used antimicrobials has been noted in both public health and veterinary sectors in Ethiopia. The extensive use of the first line drugs has led to the development of multiple drug resistance at a level which could pose a serious problem in the near future. Although, little study has so far been undertaken to isolate Salmonella from goatâ�?�?s meat in Ethiopia, there was no report regarding antimicrobial sensitivity and the status of the Salmonella from Dire Dawa municipal abattoir. The purpose of this study is to identify the prevalence of Salmonella from goat meat slaughtered at Dire Dawa municipal abattoir and moreover to delineate the antimicrobial sensitivity of the isolated pathogen. A cross-sectional study was conducted from January to April 2014 on 249 apparently healthy slaughtered goats at the municipal abattoir of Dire Dawa. A total of 249 goat carcass swab samples were collected using a systematic random sampling technique and examined for the presence of Salmonella. Out of the total of 249 carcass swab samples, 44(17.7%) were positive for Salmonella. Of all the isolates, 41(93.2%) were multiple antimicrobial resistant and the highest level of resistance was observed for tetracycline (100%), nitrofurans (100%), Streptomycin (81.8%) and Kanamycin (79.5%). However, all isolates were susceptible to ciprofloxacin. This study shows high prevalence of Salmonella species contamination of goat meat and resistance of the pathogen to most antimicrobials except ciprofloxacin. Accordingly, authors recommended the use of standardized procedures and applications in handling of goat meat in the abattoir and rational use of antimicrobials particularly ciprofloxacin. Furthermore studies should be conducted on identification of genes responsible for antimicrobial resistance.