Potential for hydropower generation in Sindh, aiming to explore t | 55915
Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications

Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications
Open Access

ISSN: 2090-4541

Potential for hydropower generation in Sindh, aiming to explore the untapped hydel resources on Nara Main Canal

International Conference on Renewable Energy and Resources

July 24-25, 2017 Vancouver, Canada

Rubab Saher, Hadiqa Maqsood, Muhammad Ali and Moazzam Alir Rind

Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, Pakistan

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Fundam Renewable Energy Appl

Abstract :

Out of 125000 villages in Pakistan, approximately 40000 villages do not have access to electricity. According to a report, 38% of Pakistani population is living without electricity. Sindh, one of the four provinces in Pakistan, stands as vulnerable. Although renewable energy has taken the world by the storm being 22.8% of total electricity mix, little has been its contribution in Pakistan especially in Sindh. The energy generation with hydropower (16%) is comparatively more than Solar and wind together (6.8%). However, Sindh is often considered an outcast for hydropower generation; reason being plain terrain and inadequate flow. This study acts as a testimony for the availability of head and flow enough to generate electricity of around 5.5 MW on Nara Main Canal, at various locations on the canal. The study has used RETScreen model and GIS software in order to evaluate the techno-feasibility and map the project, respectively. RETScreen is Canadian software having the tendency to evaluate the renewables in terms of feasibility. The study has considered an average of a decade for inflation rate and discount being 11% and 6%. Annual analysis on 2014 flow data was done and per Kw cost of the project i.e., 300 was taken from one of the recent studies done on the RD 26 of Nara Main Canal in order to have more realistic results. The life span and debt term of the project was set as 20 years. On average, the study concluded the maximum electricity export rate to be the highest in August and lowest in January. The reason for lowest generation of electricity is because of the closing of canal for 15 to 20 days due to canal maintenance and cleaning. The potential shows that there is renewable solution toward the energy problems of villages in the province of Sindh, Pakistan.

Biography :