Phytochemical and antimycobacterial activity of henna (Lawsonia i | 17688
Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology

Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
Open Access

ISSN: 2157-7609


Phytochemical and antimycobacterial activity of henna (Lawsonia inermis L.) extract, some phytoconstituents and their silver complex

2nd World Congress and Exhibition on Antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistance

October 13-15, 2016 Manchester, UK

Anwar Mohammed Abdelrahman Abdelhalim, Elhadi M M Ali, Nuha Y Ibrahim and Asrar Elegail

University of Gezira, Sudan
National Reference Laboratory for Tuberculosis, Sudan

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Drug Metab Toxicol

Abstract :

Tuberculosis is a major threat to the health of millions of populations. In this respect natural products having powerful antimicrobial effects remain important participants. The objective of this study aimed to investigate the antimycobacterial activity of Lawsonia inermis leaf methanolic extract, the phytoconstituents therein and some synthetic derivatives of the major components of 1,4-naphthoquinone (lawsone) and coumarin-3-carboxylic acid. Silver-metal-complexes of lawsone and coumarin-3-carboxylic acid were synthesized, characterized and tested for their antimycobacterial activity. An in vitro gold standard proportion method for Drug Susceptibility (DST) of 4 Rifampicin-sensitive and 4 Rifampicin-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) strains was used for the determination of biocidal activity. Results revealed that, crude extract of henna inhibited all tested M.tb strains at a concentration â�?¤50 mg/ml. GC-MS analysis of henna extract showed the presence of lawsone (20.19%), coumarin methyl esters (of about 29%) and phytol, squalene, dl-�?±-tocopherol, �?³-sitosterol as minor constituents. 1,4-naphthoquinone, lawsone (2-hydroxy-1,4- naphthoquinone) and coumarin-3-carboxylic acid produced antitubercular activity â�?¤100, 500 and 500�?¼g/ml respectively. Juglone (5-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone) the isomer of lawsone and quinoclamine (2-amino-3-chloro-1,4-naphthoquinone) exhibited higher activity against M.tb strains at a concentration â�?¤150 �?¼g/ml and 50�?¼g/ml respectively. Silver metal complexation of lawsone and coumarin-3-carboxylic acid the antitubercular activity of each ligand was potentially increased ten times to score an activity â�?¤50 �?¼g/ml. In conclusion, the enhanced biocidal effect in the 1,4-naphthoquinone nucleus produced by different derivatives proves that electrochemical behavior of quinones could be fundamental with respect to antitubercular activity. Moreover, silver metal complexes of lawsone and coumarin-3-carboxylic acid represent a therapeutic potential in the treatment of tuberculosis.

Biography :

Anwar Mohammed Abdelrahman Abdelhalim has completed his PhD from Gezira University, Sudan. He is an Assistant Professor at Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Gezira, Sudan. He has published more than 4 papers in reputed journals.